Volume 12, Issue 46 (10-2012)                   refahj 2012, 12(46): 33-64 | Back to browse issues page

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Mehregan N, Mohseni E. The Causal Relationship between Poverty and Corruption in Developing Countries. refahj. 2012; 12 (46) :33-64
URL: http://refahj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-968-en.html
Abstract:   (10279 Views)

  Introduction: Poverty is one of the most dangerous social phenomena which could threaten economical, political, and cultural life of the nation. Considering that the incidence of poverty in developing countries is widespread and severe, paying lots of attentions seems necessary. On the other hand, corruption is a cause of poverty and it is a barrier for the successful eradication of poverty and may be with prevalence of corruption efforts for reducing the poverty is inconclusive as well as unlikely. The phenomenon of corruption is a persistent obstacle for efforts made by countries in the fields of politics, economy, and society to achieve their desired goals. Studies have shown that corruption exists in all countries, even in many developed countries. But this phenomenon in some developing countries where the structures are weak and vulnerable, is far more harmful Because It has devastating effects on property rights, regulation and investment incentives and it Could reduce economic growth and thus Poverty expand over time. However, the poverty could be a cause of corruption..

  Method: Therefore, this study is set out to investigate the Granger causal relationship between corruption and Poverty. It uses dynamic panel system GMM estimators, focuses on capability poverty by using human poverty index (HPI) since it portrays in a more accurate way the state of poverty, and is based on a sample of 120 developing countries during 1998-2006.the empirical findings suggest that corruption and poverty come together, with causality running in both directions.

  Findings: Poverty is associated with corruption in various ways and although the link between corruption and poverty is often noted, the question of whether a causal relationship between corruption and poverty (based on panel data models) exists or not, has received less attention. In other words, Most of the studies which have investigated the link between corruption and poverty may draw conclusions on causality in the form of models that only show correlation. Thus, the policy recommendation for fighting against poverty and corruption can simply be wrong.

Conclusion: All in all, it is necessary to address the integrated strategy to reduce poverty and fight against corruption. In other words, the attempts to reduce poverty must be complemented by serious efforts to reduce corruption.
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Type of Study: orginal |
Received: 2013/03/9 | Accepted: 2013/12/7 | Published: 2013/12/7

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