Introduction: Duo to development in information and communication technology, Teleworking is an increasing interest to the organizations, to take advantage of its extensive benefits such as reduce commuting, performance improvement, and improve the balance between professional responsibilities and personal commitments of employees, and subsequently to obtain the benefits of balancing work-life. present article, while explain the relationship between Teleworking and improve the balance between work and Social life, The Factors affecting the successful implementation of Teleworking, such as Willingness of employees to Teleworking adoption, managers support of Teleworking, and the level of prepared needed resources for Teleworking have been investigated too, and the benefits of improving work-Social life balance caused by the use of Teleworking for organization and employees, such as having more stable workforce for the organization, and creating training opportunities and Career Development for the employees have been identified.
Method: In this study, survey method is used. Statistical population, have been included Teleworker and non-Teleworker employees of Ministry of Cooperatives, Labor and Social Welfare, which 297 questionnaires were completed by them. Collected data were analyzed by SPSS software, and the final results of the research questions were derived using single-sample t- test . To compare the views of Teleworker and non-Teleworker staffs, Independent-Sample t- test is used.
Findings: The findings of this study indicate that, Teleworking would improve the balance between employees’ work and social life. The research results show that the organization’s employees are willing to adopt Teleworking, and necessary resources for Teleworking implementation are available, but organization’s managers are not supportive of Teleworking. The findings indicate that improve the balance between work and social life caused by the use of Teleworking, would help the organization to have more stable workforce, and also would help the employees to use training opportunities and Career Development. There is a significant association between “gender” and “education level” and improve the balance between work and social life caused by the use of Teleworking.
Discussion: Retention of Staffs and maintaining organizational capital is one of the biggest challenges for Human Resource professionals. Also, employees are seeking to promote their academic and professional development. Adoption and implementation of Teleworking program in organizations, and improve the balance between work and social life, as one of the Teleworking adoption indicators, makes the organization and employees will benefit from its advantages, such as help to maintain the organization's workforce, and help to employees benefit from training opportunities and career development. This fact makes clear need to continue to use this new way of working.