Volume 20, Issue 77 (7-2020)                   refahj 2020, 20(77): 9-56 | Back to browse issues page

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moghadas ghahfarokhi S, Haghighatian M, Hashemianfar S A. Addiction Dynamics; Comparative Study of Findings Based on Grounded Theory of Addiction and Sociological Theories. refahj. 2020; 20 (77) :9-56
URL: http://refahj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-3558-en.html
Abstract:   (700 Views)
Introduction: Various efforts have been made to control addiction as an important social issue in the country. The key question is why most policies and programs have failed to produce good results. One of the assumptions of this research is that we are faced with a lack of understanding of the phenomenon of addiction and theoretical basis of policies. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop the theory of addiction and to emphasize the place of the sociology of addiction in planning related to this issue.
Method: The research method was qualitative and the Charmazian version of GTM was used in order to generate new ideas and interpretations. Ideas from lived experience became prelude to reviewing sociological theories and discovering new ideas and interpretations. Then, these interpretations and ideas as the focus of this research were reviewed from the perspective of the main actors, authorities, and informants in the field of addiction, and some of them were approved.
Findings: Structural and systematic dynamics of addiction, importance of structure in addiction, structural functions of addiction, stress management system, addicts subculture role and rituals in addiction structure, importance of drugs efficacy and speed, and importance of unintended consequences of intellectual action in structuring addiction, etc. are the major theoretical findings of this study.
Discussion: The results of the research showed that existing theories could not simultaneously understand the mechanisms of the tendency of people to addictive substances and their dynamism and system functions. These theories believe in the dishonesty of other systems, but do not add to the alternative and positive functions of addiction in the current situation the addiction system compensates for the failures caused by the dysfunction of other systems and structurally designed to balance the dynamics in the macro social system functioning.
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Type of Study: method |
Received: 2020/01/17 | Accepted: 2020/08/16 | Published: 2021/03/6

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