Introduction: Corruption, as a social harm in all society caused to decrease economic growth, increase class gap and poverty, decline of social capital and reduce the legitimacy of the government. On the other hand combating corruption could play an important role in the optimal allocation of resources, increasing investment, employment and general well-being, and increases people's trust to the government. The lack of administrative health or corruption as a major threat to economic stability can be an obstacle to develop and progress the economic growth in any society and it has undesirable effects on the economic development particularly in open economies. On the other hand misdirection of talent, potential and actual human resources to incorrect activities for achieving easy incomes pull the country into recession in all dimensions. The aim of this study is to investigate the social factors which cause to the corruption in state organizations and after that will present the best ways to prevent these injury.
Method: This research is done by survey method among employees and managers of city of Sanandaj. The total number of employees of the city are 2893 and 288 employees were selected by using Cochran formula. It should be noted that the validity of the questionnaire with content validity method (expert opinions) is estimated. As well as survey instrument was a researcher-designed questionnaire that its reliability through Cronbach's alpha (0.83) has been confirmed.
Findings: The descriptive findings was obtained from research showed the average of corruption is 22.30 which is in low-level. What is important in the descriptive part is the average quality of working life, which is at a low level and often managers and employees have expressed dissatisfaction. Average monitoring and control in organizations was (23.41) and the average of religious beliefs has been at a high level of (25.72). As well as the average of organizational commitment to the office was at a moderate level of (16.31). There is direct relation between education, religious beliefs and values, weak organizational culture, relationships and quality of life with corruption. As well as surveillance and social control is inversely related to corruption. Regression analysis also showed that 37% of the dependent variable explained by the independent variables. Multiple correlation coefficient is calculated at 0.61 which indicates that the six variables from the theoretical framework in this study are simultaneous correlated with corruption by 61 percent. Also explained variance in Table is 0.37 which means 37 percent of corruption in the organization is clarified through above variables and the remaining 63% is affected by other factors, which are outside of this study.
Discussion: Organizational culture plays an effective role in predicting corruption in government agencies, It seems that the influence of kinship and weaknesses in beliefs and values as well as the lack of effective monitoring and control result in the lack of a coherent organizational culture. In addition as levels of quality of life increased the level of corruption in organizations minimize. As well as enhancing accountability to clients - strengthen the institutions of civil society oversight the government decisions - measures to raise public awareness to the organizations performance are the best solutions to prevent corruption. Finally, in this study we can conclude that the integrated model of the vote theorists to evaluate affecting social factors of corruption showed its efficiency. According to the results of the research and inspired by the theory of structural functionalism Parsons, we are going to propose a theoretical model to deal with corruption that is a strong point and new finding of this research. On the other hand, increased corruption is a serious impediment to development in various aspects (economic, human and even political) which is consider in both domestic and international development levels.
But it should be noted that the effective eradication of corruption requires use of a comprehensive strategies that able to generating deep amendment to the broad areas of economic, political, legal and social community. Finally, elimination or reducing corruption in the administrative system require to a fundamental and comprehensive programs that affecting on the general culture of society and its dimensions such as organizational culture (as a phenomenon that directly is affected by society culture), corruption prevention would be consider as target which is more appropriate than punitive procedures to fight it. Organizational culture has varied functions and it could be a factor of control the behavior staff by introducing the model of suitable behavior to the staff. Also, it can lead to establish the optimal way to encourage employee behaviors. Moreover, it could create the kind of commitment and sense of responsibility for the collective interests that this benefits is more than one's personal interests which its outcome reduces the traces of corruption at all levels of society.