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:: Volume 16, Issue 60 (6-2016) ::
2016, 16(60): 109-135 Back to browse issues page
Social and Economic Tehrani Citizens' Motivations for Refusing to Withdrawal from Receiving Subsidies
Leila Malaei , Talie Khademian
Abstract:   (616 Views)

Introduction: The withdrawal of receiving direct subsidies were not associated with people willingness. After seventy-three million people registered in the second phase of subsidy and most of them refuse to withdrawal from receiving cash subsidies speculation and analysis were provided to explain why this issue was raised. This process aim to eliminate the subsidies for fuel, food, water, electricity and other items gradually and change the type of subsidy. People be paid in cash for subsidy and income which is earned from this type of subsidy was supposed to spent on civilian and cultural works.

Considering the negative consequences and challenges of the cash subsidy, social and economic citizens' motivations for refusing to withdrawal from receiving subsidies was raised as an issue. Thus, this study sought to examine the social and economic reasons of this issue.

Methods: The aim of research in every field is understanding the explanation of a series of variables. In this study, according to different levels of measurement variables, methods and techniques used for data analysis The supply of data and information and statistical information in the form of common tools and techniques, statistical collection of Social Sciences (spss) is used. In this study, to describe the one-dimensional tables and graphs, central tendency (mean) and dispersion (standard deviation) will be used And to explain the findings of a two-dimensional tables, and Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Chi-square, t-samples and two independent samples (t), Pearson and Spearman correlation will be used. The most general social survey research and data collection method in which certain groups of people will be asked to answer some questions specific. Data was collected using different methods such as questionnaires, observation, etc. is used. However questionnaire is the most widely used techniques. This research is a descriptive study was conducted as a survey. Questionnaire was used for data collection. The main test method measures the credibility of peer review in its meaning and concept. .This kind of attention and scrutiny is a method of determining the validity of To achieve this various methods have been used. According to the results the following table (99%) say that fear of the future is their reason to refuse to withdrawal from receiving cash subsidies (11.940 t = 0.001P <).  were selected. This study was a Survey Research, the statistical population was citizens from regions 2, 6 and 16 included 1137275 people. Data collected via questionnaire that has face Formal and its reliability is 78. The sample size was 384, calculated using the formula Cochrane, and to access the sample of random sampling method was used. To explain the results of the chi-square test, one-sample and Pearson and Spearman correlation was used.

Findings: Fear of the future, dissatisfaction with life condition, economic status and future income, pessimism and uncertainty, mistrust of the government, believing bribery and corruption in the country, the government operation through the media are the Tehrani citizens' motivations for refusing to withdrawal from receiving public subsidies. The findings obtained by the y-test showed that fear of the future, dissatisfaction with life conditions, pessimism and unreliability of the people about income future, unreliability of the people to the government, belief in economic rents and corruption in the country and weak performance of the government in the media were the reasons of the people who did not gave up getting the subsidy. Moreover, income and economic uncertainty and unreliability of the people to the government were the most important factors, respectively.

Discussion: The government needs the cooperation of the people to perform successfully the economical and uneconomical plans, in which life conditions of the people and their confidence to the government should be improved and corruption in state structures should be reduced and so on. 20 of Farvardin 1393(Persian date) reform implementation and registration of candidates began this stage. The government was obliged by its own mechanism to the stage to perform. Eleventh government resolution on identifying those in need and distribute subsidies among them, which you do by signing up applicants began again and anticipated 20 percent of the number of applicants will be reduced at this stage. But people withdraw receiving cash subsidies was not welcomed by people receiving cash subsidies and then the seventy-three million people registered in the second phase of subsidy and at least people withdraw receiving at this stage to explain why this issue was raised speculation and analysis

The findings showed that economic uncertainty and income are the most important factors in citizens' motivations for refusing to withdrawal from receiving cash subsidies The findings suggest that citizens' mistrust of the state is one of the main reasons for refusing withdrawal from subsidies. Dealing decisively with the perpetrators of the macro-economic corruption will increase people's trust in government. Job and income are other factors. In this research, in order to access the target population of random sampling method is used.

Keywords: Subsidies, Subsidies withdrawal, Targeted subsidies
Full-Text [PDF 667 kb]   (390 Downloads)    
Type of Study: orginal |
Received: 2016/06/5 | Accepted: 2016/06/5 | Published: 2016/06/5
1. - http://www.ssmt.ir/view
2. - http://www.bashgah.net
3. - Beck, Ulrich. (2008). World at Risk. Cambridge: Polity
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Malaei L, Khademian T. Social and Economic Tehrani Citizens' Motivations for Refusing to Withdrawal from Receiving Subsidies. Social Welfare. 2016; 16 (60) :109-135
URL: http://refahj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-2478-en.html

Volume 16, Issue 60 (6-2016) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه رفاه اجتماعی Social Welfare Quarterly
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