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:: Volume 15, Issue 56 (9-2015) ::
2015, 15(56): 281-313 Back to browse issues page
Communicative Planning as New Approach for Community Planning (Case study: Tehran, Farahzad community)
Mohammadhossein Sharifzadegan , Amir Shafiee *
Abstract:   (1249 Views)

Introduction: Traditional approaches of urban planning, especially the simple-comprehensive, in Iran has been dominated for decades till now. By revealing their weaknesses, a tacit and slow effort began to improve the process and product of urban planning in the existing system. In parallel with these changes, theory and practice of urban planning in more developed countries changed and with regards to different contexts, different practices and styles have been employed. As urban planning tended to public participation in the middle of 20th century, communicative planning raised as a developed form of participatory planning in last decades of 20th century which affect most of the debates in urban planning theory. These two trends in two different contexts arise this question that if it is possible to employ communicative planning in Iran. This article is going to analyze and answer this question.

Method: To answer the question of this article, it consists of four steps. Firstly the changes in urban planning in the more developed world and especially the tendency towards participation is studied. In second step communicative planning theory is discussed and which can attract and employ a community participation. In the next step the necessity and opportunity of applying such an approach in less developed countries is discussed; and finally as case study Farahzad community in Tehran is introduced and analyzed and possible strategies for development of this space is given. Data are gathered by literature review, field survey and interview (by questionnaire and in-depth interview)

Findings: The core idea of communicative planning brings the opportunity of employing this approach for small scale planning in less developed countries especially in spaces with wicked problems.

Discussion: As communicative planning emphasize on process more than product, it could consider the conditions of the context. Also the small scale of such an approach bring the opportunity for local institutions and people to play a role far from big national institutions. This opportunity could strengthen the urban institutions and improving urban democracy.

Keywords: Urban Planning, Communicative Planning, Development, Democracy, Public Participation
Full-Text [PDF 483 kb]   (1259 Downloads)    
Type of Study: orginal |
Received: 2015/09/8 | Accepted: 2015/09/8 | Published: 2015/09/8
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Sharifzadegan M, Shafiee A. Communicative Planning as New Approach for Community Planning (Case study: Tehran, Farahzad community). Social Welfare. 2015; 15 (56) :281-313
URL: http://refahj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-2081-en.html

Volume 15, Issue 56 (9-2015) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه رفاه اجتماعی Social Welfare Quarterly
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