Volume 12, Issue 45 (7-2012)                   refahj 2012, 12(45): 7-48 | Back to browse issues page

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Mohammadi M A, Vedadhir A, Seyfi A, Moshtagh R. Meta-analysis of Poverty Studies in Iran. refahj. 2012; 12 (45) :7-48
URL: http://refahj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1004-en.html
Abstract:   (7753 Views)

  Introduction: One of the main challenges for the socio-political structures in all governments is definition of poverty. Always there has been a dispute over the meaning of poverty. There have been many studies on poverty and there have been many challenges on the nature of poverty (some questions like what is poverty?), but more studies brought up more diversity in approaches and hence findings. Meta-analysis was one of the solutions to this problem. In Iran also we had the same problem in defining of poverty and introducing a conclusive suggestion. Therefore, a study with meta-analysis method been conducted at the University of Rehabilitation and Social Welfare Sciences.

  Method: This study was done by meta-analysis method in which combination of all or selective sample of previous studies on the subject. By using the statistic methods, results would be more comprehensive, uniformed, and logical.

  Findings: 85 studies from different area of subjects in economics, sociology and geography were selected to be surveyed , in which we come to knowing that economic studies with 66% was dominated. Among them, 72% concentrated on dependent variable of poverty, 21% income distribution and 7% employed inequality variable in their studies.

  Conclusion: The majority studies of poverty in Iran have been economical studies, which usually two major approaches were implemented: The first was the approach in which the factors of poverty were surveyed and in the second the measurement of poverty was the main issue. Due to these approaches and methods, it seems that poverty studies in Iran have been too mechanical and faraway from real social life of people in the streets. Poverty studies beside that academic and technical tools and methods require more direct attention to the social life of the population.

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Received: 2013/05/1 | Published: 2012/07/15

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