Volume 22, Issue 86 (11-2022)                   refahj 2022, 22(86): 353-389 | Back to browse issues page

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Khodabakhshi A, Gholamian B. (2022). A Comparative Study of the Impact of Governance Sub-Indicators on Health Expenditures in Rich and Poor Countries. refahj. 22(86), 353-389. doi:10.32598/refahj.22.86.2424.2
URL: http://refahj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-3914-en.html
Abstract:   (441 Views)
Introduction: Introduction: Health is one of the main indicators of development in any country, and investing in this sector has a direct impact on the welfare of society and economic growth. The lack and insufficiency in providing health services is considered as a sign of government weakness. Therefore, it is very important to examine the performance of governments in the health sector.
Method: The present research has investigated the effect of governance sub-indicators on health costs for two groups of low-income and high-income countries. To conduct this research, a balanced mixed data model was used. The total health cost was used as a dependent variable and the governance sub-indicators including six sub-indicators were used as independent variables and the human development index was used as a control variable. We used Eviews10 software to perform calculations.
Findings: The findings of the research in the group of low-income countries confirmed the effect of the following governance indicators on health costs. In addition, all the coefficients of the variables in the high-income group were significant at the 90% confidence level, which means that the better the governance index, the higher the health costs appear to be. The model used in the research also had a suitable fitness.  
Discussion: Arguing based on the results of the research, it is recommended to the governance system of low-income countries that have weak governance to reduce political instability and reduce restrictive laws. In addition, removing trade barriers and creating a competitive environment in these countries is a key and inevitable issue.
JEL Classification: I18, O57,
Article number: 10
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Type of Study: orginal |
Received: 2021/06/21 | Accepted: 2022/04/24 | Published: 2022/11/13

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