Volume 18, Issue 69 (7-2018)                   2018, 18(69): 53-9 | Back to browse issues page

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Rahmani A, Hashemi , S M. Provide a Model for Media Policy Making in Iran’s Social Security Organization. Social Welfare. 2018; 18 (69) :53-9
URL: http://refahj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-3213-en.html
Abstract:   (233 Views)
Introduction: Everyone in the community has this right that to have a “decent work”. The “decent Work” program is one of the strategies of the International Labor Organization in the field of labor and social security. This program implies that each individual:1) Have access to employment in equal conditions, 2) as a result of employment, having the right to social dialogue, 3) having fundamental rights, and 4) have access to right to social protection. In fact, the decent work is to ensure that all citizens have the opportunity to work and, consequently, have pre-employment support (to access of employment) during employment and after employment. Social protection is one of the most important dimensions of decent work. Social protection is known component of decent work in the labor world, and with established international labor organization emphasized the need to it. The procedure of Performance and dimensions of social protection program varies from country to country and each state performance it according with its political, economic and social conditions. The goals of social protection in a decent work system are achieved through preventive, promotional, protective and transitional strategies. This paper emphasizes preventive strategies (insurance protections) among these strategies. It is evident that to protecting the rights of workers, the realization of these and the desirable service in the system of the Islamic Republic of Iran is the responsibility of the Social Security Organization.
Literature review: In the social security system of Iran, regardless of the fact that the concepts of social security and social protection are used incorrectly instead of each other, the state has not directly entered this area for the realization of social security and this is the responsibility of the retirement funds, including the Social Security Organization. That unfortunately the emergence of problems in the area of employment and economics has also caused problems with the Social Security Fund. In a situation where the government in due to the adoption of supportive laws and insurance exemptions in recent years, faces severe resource constraints, the debt-deflation of the government to the Social Security Organization has been increasing exponentially and is expected to reach a “unattainable” level in the coming years, Unless, at the earliest opportunity the binding rules will be corrected and avoid growing these debts. In the present study use of documentary and library methods and the use of Persian and Latin resources and finally its adaptation to the laws and regulations in the field of labor and social rights is our research pattern.
Discussion: The performance and realization of social protection is usually the responsibility of governments. This responsibility of the government is theoretically based on the social contract of “state-citizenship”. Article 29 of the constitution also explains and emphasis this matter and two types of tasks are left to the government. One of them to get social security is (social) insurance and another one is ensuring social security through government. The duty of the state in Article 29 of the Constitution does not necessarily mean that the government directly enters this area, but the government should have planning, management, control and policy as such that this will be fully realized. Despite this on according to the above Article, that’s the responsibility of the government but that’s preferred
 If can be transferred to the nongovernmental sector. Social Security Organization as insurer offers social insurances to its stakeholders as one of the strategies of social protections and performance its obligations under consideration financial source. Clause 4 article 6 of the Law on the Structure of the Comprehensive Welfare and Social Security System assets on the participation of non-governmental organizations and organizations in social security and protection of insurance, and this partnership does not mean that the government is not responsible, but however, the government is responsible for social security. The government as the main promoter of social security in all its dimensions should play a more effective role and beyond its subsidiary bodies. Even though recently it had attempts in health and non-insurance benefits area. but also deficiencies are evident in social insurance as such social security.
Finally the result of this paper is that there are challenges in the field of population coverage, resource, protections (benefits) and management in realization of social insurance benefits from the Social Security Organization (In the social security system of Iran). Although social insurance has been relatively well established by the social security organization, but it is expected that government in the direction of realization decent work, ideals and goals of the Islamic Republic of Iran, sustainable development and efficient human resources, act comply with its legal obligations than social security organization as a fundamental pillar of government that be able to performance its obligations to the stakeholders in the area of protections, always in relation to the insured social security organization too. Otherwise this will be a serious challenge for the government.
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Type of Study: orginal |
Received: 2018/10/2 | Accepted: 2018/10/2 | Published: 2018/10/2

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