Volume 7, Issue 29 (7-2008)                   2008, 7(29): 91-112 | Back to browse issues page

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Hamzehee M. The Approaches of Some Iran Newspapers toward Addiction: Crime or Illness?. Social Welfare. 2008; 7 (29) :91-112
URL: http://refahj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-2087-en.html
Abstract:   (1022 Views)

Objectives: The article tries to analyze the direction to addiction of four high circulating newspapers (Keyhan, Ettelaat, Etemad and Etemad melli) in iran and determines what is the share of any independent variables in this direction. To this end at first step legal social, medical approaches in all over the world, also our domestic law and social approaches on this subject has considered. The Gatekeeping approach is the theoretical base of this study. This approach Pointe out that media make people believe in special approche even without thinking to factors which are inside and outside of the media organizations such as legal system, political and social values, personal bellies lead gatekeepers to choose special news, stories and has effect on press approche Content analysis of newspapers in many countries such as Canada and Brazil is an obvious evidence to prove this approach. Indeed, the relationship between the nature of news media coverage of addiction and the media directions to addiction has received sufficient research attention in such countries. This studies have being with print media and suggested the relationship between social, political and judicial directions and media directions to addiction. Method: To analyze the direction of above – mentioned newspapers, the aricle has based on content analysis method. Then, we studied all news and contents that were published in four newspapers (Keyhan, Ettelaat, Etemad and Etemad melli) on related to addiction during 1385/4/5- 1386/4/5 .Then We subjected all available contents about addiction from these dates to content analysis. All information has punched on the SPSS program. The study has used inferential statistics and the test for analysis the findings was Chi squared (x2). Also we assessed the inter-rater reliability for 2 variables. The achieved score is more than % 70 and shows we can trust the findings Findings: According to findings there is a meaningful difference between dependent variable and independent one. a) Most of criminal directions toward addiction have been related to own newspapers’s stories. b) Most of criminal directions have been related to stories made by the judicial and military fields’s newsmakers and most of illness directions have seen in health fields. c) Most of criminal directions toward narcotic drugs and most of illness directions have related to psychothropic substances. d) Most of criminal directions have related to illicit narcotic drugs and most of illness directions have related to legitimated drugs. Results: On the contrary of the drug 'wars' in our country, addiction has remained as a serious threat to the nation's health. Then we should change our ways to eradicate this problem and the media, specially the newspapers, are one key mechanism to achieve this aim. But the findings of this study shows that the newspapers produce and disseminate the dirrecton which has continued in our social,political and judicial environments during the lengthy years. That is to say, the considered newspapers disseminate the approche which Therefore, this finding is according to gatekeeping approche. But criminal directions toward can’t solve the problem and may aggrevate it. It is imperative that the newspapers communicate with experts and researchers of medical, health and Non-Governmental Organizations to amend this dirrections.

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Type of Study: orginal |
Received: 2015/09/9 | Accepted: 2015/09/9 | Published: 2015/09/9

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