Volume 8, Issue 30 And 31 (10-2008)                   refahj 2008, 8(30 And 31): 35-60 | Back to browse issues page

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Rezvani M R, Shakiba A, Mansoorian H. Measurement of Quality of Life in Rural Areas. refahj. 2008; 8 (30 and 31) :35-60
URL: http://refahj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1917-en.html
Abstract:   (4879 Views)

Objectives: Quality of life is a complicated and multidimensional concept relevant to the demographic condition in a specific geographic scale which relies upon both the objective and subjective indicators. So the concept of the quality of life can be used as a powerful tool for supervise the community development planning as it covers different social, economic, environmental, and communal health caring aspects of the community. Present article aims at presenting a proper framework to measure the quality of life based upon human needs in the rural district of North Khaveh where the conceptual link between two different viewpoints in the area of the life quality, objective and subjective approach has been taken in to consideration. Meanwhile being acquainted with present quality of life, the relation between quality of life and socio-economic variables has also been measured. Method: Method of recent essay is descriptive-correlation. This empirical investigation was mainly based on primary data. Acquired data has been gained through verified questionnaire of the random sampling bulk of 210 persons out of the guardians of the families of the north khaveh district. In questionnaire tried is discussed both objective conditions of life and also satisfaction of the social, economic and environmental directions. Running Cornbach’s Alpha gave a reliability of 0.85% for the questionnaire which is statistically high enough. Descriptive and inferential statistics such as mean, correlation, Pearson, Spearman, and multiple regressions were used for data analysis. Findings: The results indicate that general quality of life in the area under study has been poor. The maximum percent of good QOL (40 %) is belonging to Sarab Ghazanfar village, and its minimum (3.3%) is in Sarkhanjoob-e-Sofla village. In contrary the maximum percent of households that have poor QOL (60%) is belong to Sarkhanjoob-e-Sofla village and its minimum (8.3%) see in Sarab Ghazanfar village and out of eight correlated varieties, six variables like income of the family, infrastructure, education, participation, health and environmental quality have been specified as more then 85% factors affecting the quality of life in the area under study. Therefore, the concept of QOL can be used as a powerful tool for the monitoring of development plans in a society and authorities can use it to evaluate the effectiveness of development plans and policies because it embraces various social, economic, health and environmental dimensions. Results: In spite of the low indicators quality of life, the expectancy of rural households to improve of QOL in future is good, so that 55 percent of people as moderately and 40 percent has very expectancy to improve of theirs QOL in future. This matter related to the population young and the high literary levels in this area. Thus the development planning should be compatible to accessibility to local resources and objective and subjective needs of people which can help to improvement of rural QOL. To achieve that objective, the following actions should be taken in this area. The development planning of the study area should be done commensurate with the availability of the local resource and objective and subjective needs of the people

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Type of Study: orginal |
Received: 2015/08/27 | Accepted: 2015/08/27 | Published: 2015/08/27

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