Volume 19, Issue 75 (1-2020)                   refahj 2020, 19(75): 203-251 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (2479 Views)
Introduction: Iranian students come from a diverse ethnicity and different cultural backgrounds. This study examines the status of national solidarity among Kurdish and Baluchi students in Iran.
Method: This study was conducted using systematic review and meta-analysis, and its statistical population includes all studies in the field of National Solidarity of Kurdish and Baluchi university students.
Findings: A total of eight studies met the criteria for entering the meta-analysis. In all of these articles, quantitative methodology and questionnaires were used for data collection. The meta-analysis of the studies in the field of national solidarity and a review of 50 hypotheses about the effect of 18 independent variables on national solidarity showed that the estimated point was 0.221, which was statistically significant (p<0.001). The result, according to Cohen’s Criterion, is relatively average. Meanwhile, the greatest effect size was related to social solidarity (0.505), social capital (0.337), life satisfaction (0.332), personality traits (0.309), religious identity (0.228), political participation (0.227), and family interaction and solidarity (0.250). The mean effect size of the studies on the Kurdish ethnicity was 0.254 and that of Baloch ethnicity was 0.144.
Discussion: Based on the total data analyzed, it can be concluded that the most significant positive factors affecting national solidarity consisted of social solidarity (0.505), social capital (0.337), and life satisfaction (0.332).
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Type of Study: review |
Received: 2019/11/3 | Accepted: 2020/03/4 | Published: 2020/05/24

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