Volume 18, Issue 71 (3-2019)                   refahj 2019, 18(71): 135-180 | Back to browse issues page

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Irani S, Hagigatian M, Mohamadi A. a pathological assessment of social housing (Mehr) taking an approach toward social class inequality and urban deviation in Tabriz. refahj. 2019; 18 (71) :135-180
URL: http://refahj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-2823-en.html
Abstract:   (3380 Views)
Expended Abstract
Introduction: Mass production of affordable housing for low-income groups in the form of social housing was one of the axial plans of the ninth Government to establish social equality and help disadvantaged urban groups and has been continued in the tenth and eleventh governments. Therefore, acknowledging that Mehr Housing Plan has brought about numerous positive and negative consequences, the present research provides a pathological assessment of social housing (Mehr) taking an approach toward social class inequality and urban deviation in Tabriz in order to practically revise and compensate for the weaknesses of planning and implementation of social housing.
Method: In terms of its goals and time period, this research is of applied and cross-sectional nature and in terms of data collection, it is a field survey research. Data collection tool is a researcher-made close-ended questionnaire. Statistical population includes 503816 households (total households living in Sahand Mehr houses and Tabrizi households living in other houses). Sample size was calculated at 1075 households based on Cochran formula. Selection method is based on multistage clustering. Major theories of the research include “social disadvantage approach, social segregation and exclusion, ecology of deviations and the radical approach of inequality and deviations” and the theoretical framework of the research is an integration of these theories. Data were analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling and Partial Least Square.
Findings: Analysis of the model and comparison of the figures indicate that the relationships between tendency to social harms and any of exogenous variables of living in Mehr houses (11.50), social security inequality (7.28), distributional inequality (2.52), social capital inequality (2.42), health-based living index inequality (2.42) and social inequality (5.70) can be predicted. Two variables of economic inequality and green living index inequality were excluded from the mode.
Path coefficient table between exogenous and intrinsic variables
T Statistics (|O/STERR|)    
7.286287    Inequality of security -> Tendency to social harm
2.523963    Distributive inequality -> Tendency to social harm
5.707630    social inequality -> Tendency to social harm
27.651037    social inequality -> Inequality of security
9.317072    social inequality -> Distributive inequality
96.837119    social inequality -> Social capital
2.273830    social inequality -> Healthy lifestyle
17.266949    Social capital -> Tendency to social harm
2.418280    Healthy lifestyle -> Tendency to social harm
4.265426    Residence in Mehr Housing -> Tendency to social harm
11.504991    Residence in Mehr Housing -> social inequality
0/026    Tendency to social harm   Economic disparities->
0/097    ->Tendency to social harm  Uneasy green city indicators

Discussion: According to Burgess’s theory, in the transitional region for several reasons such as high levels of population mobility, high migration rates, house demolitions and population density, the highest rates of crime and delinquency are observed. The demographic and ecological disturbances in the transitional region cause the destruction of the functional capacity of social institutions such as the family and the control of the behavior of the inhabitants. On the other hand, the traditional values of ethnic culture do not have the potential to convince youth, and they are drawn to a marginal position. Consequently, they do not have group identities and references that lead them to behave in a society that is accepted. In this framework, Mehr housing has the status of a (transitional) space. According to theorists, this causes urban deviations. As a result, if the process of developing the construction of the Mehr Housing Projects continues and does not pay attention to the provision of services and other needs of the people in a residential environment, and only a residential unit produced, large collections made, almost The inhabitants are vacant and only certain social strata reside in a coercive and temporary way, and a growing withdrawal of applicants will occur. Delay in the creation of necessary infrastructure and facilities leads to a kind of life transformation into a kind of urban poverty and will result in wider cultural, social and even political consequences.
This finding with the findings of the study in line with previous research indicates that in the case of continuing the development of construction and structures of projects of Mehr housing and in the case of non-attention to the provision of services and other needs and needs of people in the residential environment, the wide sets built, almost is vacant of population and only certain social strata in coercive and temporary way will be inhibited, and a growing withdrawal of applicants will occur. Delay in the creation of essential infrastructure and installations of essential infrastructure (Iran’s cultural services, water, Electricity, telecommunication, etc.) and building structures (cultural, educational, health, space, security and disciplinary services) will provide the transformation of life into a kind of hut which this case in line with urban poverty will be caused widespread socio-cultural and even political outcomes.
Therefore, in the short term, Mehr Housing Project is faced numerous problems, financial constraints in investing and locating projects caused the projects face with lack of adequate demand. This situation is caused numerous problems for government officials and the private sector involved in the construction of the project which ultimately to absorb the population is resorted in a variety of ways. But what is specifically mentioned here is the situation and living conditions for people who will live in units built for a short time. Also, based on the approach of social deprivation, social deprivation occurs when individuals and groups of a community are not able to fully participate in a community in which they live. The result is that incomes, abilities and other characteristics of the poor people will be away unthinkably from the standards of society and the group that belongs to it. Accordingly, poverty is a social structure and is often known as a characteristic for specific groups such as women, the elderly and the disabled. The most important feature of this approach is not only focused on the consequences of social deprivation, but also on the process that leads to it. Some theorists consider poverty as a disability in social participation and discussed the concept of poverty using the concept of ((social exclusion)). In this view, social exclusion occurs when people are not able to participate in society. And it happens where people and groups are involuntarily deprived of opportunities to participate in social affairs.

Ethical Considerations
In the present study, all expenses were borne by the author and he did not have any sponsors
Authors’ contributions
The present paper is extracted from Saeed Iran’s dissertation, and Dr. Mansoor Haghighatian and Dr. Asghar Mohammadi respectively have been the role of supervisor and professor advisor.
Conflicts of interest
There is no conflict with previous authors’ research
In the present study, we tried to observe all the written and codified professional charter and the “unwritten principles” of scientific and academic ethics.
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Type of Study: orginal |
Received: 2017/06/25 | Accepted: 2018/11/24 | Published: 2019/04/15

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