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:: دوره 1، شماره 2 - ( زمستان 1380 ) ::
جلد 1 شماره 2 صفحات 65-81 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
آثار بیکاری بر سلامت و آسایش روانی
حسن رفیعی
چکیده:   (1015 مشاهده)
There are a lot of studies indicating adverse effects of unemployment on health and, especially, mental health. The present research is conducted in Finland, where the number of unemployed increased sharply between 1990 (3.5 %) and 1993 (19%), which was the fastest in any western country . The first study group consisted of 211 people working at a wood processing factory, at risk of firing, and 305 people working at another wood processing factory, without such risk. The second study group was selected randomly form general population. Demographic variables along with three formerly validated scales indicating mental wellbeing (i.e. GHQ-12, BDI, and PS) were assessed in the study groups. Results indicate a significantly worse GHQ and BDI in unemployed men and a significantly worse PS in unemployed women. Marriage was related to a better mental wellbeing for unemployed men and a worse one for employed men. Receiving adequate social support and at least moderate financial situation were protective factors in this regard . In terms of social circumstances single parent, or living in a marriage or marriage-like relationship, the unemployed subjects of general population differed from the employed. Regular smoking was mush more common among the unemployed. Alcohol-related problems, mental health problems, suicidal thoughts, and diminished zest for life were reported more by unemployed subject and subjects afraid of unemployment. Uncertainty about future, use of hypnotics or sedatives, and perceived mental ill-health were more common among unemployed subjects, subjects afraid of unemployment, and their spouses. Use of control group and valid scales are the benefits of foe research in contest to other similar studie.
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نوع مطالعه: اصیل | موضوع مقاله: رفاه اجتماعی
دریافت: ۱۳۹۴/۳/۱۷ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۴/۳/۱۷ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۴/۳/۱۷
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rafiei H. Effects of Unemployment on Mental Wellbeing and Health. Social Welfare. 2002; 1 (2) :65-81
URL: http://refahj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1739-fa.html

رفیعی حسن. آثار بیکاری بر سلامت و آسایش روانی. رفاه اجتماعی. 1380; 1 (2) :65-81

URL: http://refahj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1739-fa.html



دوره 1، شماره 2 - ( زمستان 1380 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
فصلنامه رفاه اجتماعی Social Welfare Quarterly
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